Home » INTERNATIONAL MARINE LITTER DATABASE » plastic pollution » Plastic debris in Mediterranean seabirds
Marina Codina-García, Teresa Militão, Javier Moreno, Jacob González-Solís, Plastic debris in Mediterranean seabirds, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 77, Issues 1–2, 15 December 2013, Pages 220-226, ISSN 0025-326X, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.002. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X13006048) Abstract: Plastic debris is often ingested by marine predators and can cause health disorders and even death. We present the first assessment of plastic ingestion in Mediterranean seabirds. We quantified and measured plastics accumulated in the stomach of 171 birds from 9 species accidentally caught by longliners in the western Mediterranean from 2003 to 2010. Cory’s shearwaters (Calonectris diomedea) showed the highest occurrence (94%) and large numbers of small plastic particles per affected bird (on average N = 15.3 ± 24.4 plastics and mass = 23.4 ± 49.6 mg), followed by Yelkouan shearwaters (Puffinus yelkouan, 70%, N = 7.0 ± 7.9, 42.1 ± 100.0 mg), Balearic shearwaters (Puffinus mauretanicus, 70%, N = 3.6 ± 2.9, 5.5 ± 9.7 mg) and the rest of species (below 33%, N = 2.7, 113.6 ± 128.4 mg). Plastic characteristics did not differ between sexes and were not related to the physical condition of the birds. Our results point out the three endemic and threatened shearwater species as being particularly exposed to plastic accumulation.